NTPsec

tick

Report generated: Sun Mar 7 18:15:09 2021 UTC
Start Time: Sun Feb 28 18:15:08 2021 UTC
End Time: Sun Mar 7 18:15:08 2021 UTC
Report Period: 7.0 days

Local Clock Time/Frequency Offsets

local offset plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Time Offset -6.355 -1.927 -1.354 0.039 1.251 1.752 2.960 2.605 3.679 0.784 0.007 µs -4.174 11.14
Local Clock Frequency Offset -37.154 -37.143 -37.126 -37.076 -37.018 -37.009 -37.002 0.108 0.134 0.033 -37.075 ppm -1.435e+09 1.619e+12

The time and frequency offsets between the ntpd calculated time and the local system clock. Showing frequency offset (red, in parts per million, scale on right) and the time offset (blue, in μs, scale on left). Quick changes in time offset will lead to larger frequency offsets.

These are fields 3 (time) and 4 (frequency) from the loopstats log file.



Local RMS Time Jitter

local jitter plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local RMS Time Jitter 217.000 313.000 358.000 497.000 698.000 822.000 2,586.000 340.000 509.000 117.647 510.017 ns 49.98 261.3

The RMS Jitter of the local clock offset. In other words, how fast the local clock offset is changing.

Lower is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0μs.

RMS jitter is field 5 in the loopstats log file.



Local RMS Frequency Jitter

local stability plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local RMS Frequency Jitter 58.000 79.000 93.000 154.000 343.000 464.000 1,273.000 250.000 385.000 87.042 178.701 10e-12 6.771 33.17

The RMS Frequency Jitter (aka wander) of the local clock's frequency. In other words, how fast the local clock changes frequency.

Lower is better. An ideal clock would be a horizontal line at 0ppm.

RMS Frequency Jitter is field 6 in the loopstats log file.



Local Clock Time Offset Histogram

local offset histogram plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Offset -6.355 -1.927 -1.354 0.039 1.251 1.752 2.960 2.605 3.679 0.784 0.007 µs -4.174 11.14

The clock offsets of the local clock as a histogram.

The Local Clock Offset is field 3 from the loopstats log file.



Local Temperatures

local temps plot

Local temperatures. These will be site-specific depending upon what temperature sensors you collect data from. Temperature changes affect the local clock crystal frequency and stability. The math of how temperature changes frequency is complex, and also depends on crystal aging. So there is no easy way to correct for it in software. This is the single most important component of frequency drift.

The Local Temperatures are from field 3 from the tempstats log file.



Local Frequency/Temp

local freq temps plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Frequency Offset -37.154 -37.143 -37.126 -37.076 -37.018 -37.009 -37.002 0.108 0.134 0.033 -37.075 ppm -1.435e+09 1.619e+12
Temp ZONE0 48.692 48.692 49.230 50.306 50.844 51.382 51.920 1.614 2.690 0.618 50.280 °C

The frequency offsets and temperatures. Showing frequency offset (red, in parts per million, scale on right) and the temperatures.

These are field 4 (frequency) from the loopstats log file, and field 3 from the tempstats log file.



Local GPS

local gps plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
nSats 0.000 7.000 8.000 10.000 11.000 12.000 12.000 3.000 5.000 1.179 9.590 nSat 384.6 2896
TDOP 0.470 0.530 0.590 0.780 1.350 1.850 3.550 0.760 1.320 0.246 0.849 24.77 116.1

Local GPS. The Time Dilution of Precision (TDOP) is plotted in blue. The number of visible satellites (nSat) is plotted in red.

TDOP is field 3, and nSats is field 4, from the gpsd log file. The gpsd log file is created by the ntploggps program.

TDOP is a dimensionless error factor. TDOP ranges from 1 to greater than 20. 1 denotes the highest possible confidence level. 2 to 5 is good. Greater than 20 means there will be significant inaccuracy and error.



Server Offsets

peer offsets plot

The offset of all refclocks and servers. This can be useful to see if offset changes are happening in a single clock or all clocks together.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset 10.4.2.52

peer offset 10.4.2.52 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset 10.4.2.52 -53.221 -28.819 -19.032 56.035 64.681 69.316 123.133 83.713 98.135 27.933 44.841 µs 0.3605 2.493

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset 10.4.2.53

peer offset 10.4.2.53 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset 10.4.2.53 -25.155 -14.391 -10.993 -4.314 1.824 5.752 50.578 12.817 20.143 4.197 -4.382 µs -13.64 50.35

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset PPS(0)

peer offset PPS(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset PPS(0) -6.356 -1.928 -1.354 0.040 1.252 1.753 2.961 2.606 3.681 0.784 0.007 µs -4.173 11.13

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset SHM(0)

peer offset SHM(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset SHM(0) 62.236 134.817 139.932 153.630 165.466 169.105 176.716 25.534 34.288 7.698 153.273 ms 6820 1.3e+05

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitters

peer jitters plot

The RMS Jitter of all refclocks and servers. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter 10.4.2.52

peer jitter 10.4.2.52 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter 10.4.2.52 1.115 3.776 5.564 14.004 82.117 92.111 121.471 76.553 88.335 25.151 24.096 µs 1.561 3.996

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter 10.4.2.53

peer jitter 10.4.2.53 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter 10.4.2.53 1.377 2.531 3.571 8.506 19.276 25.410 53.689 15.705 22.879 5.425 9.748 µs 4.573 18.31

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter PPS(0)

peer jitter PPS(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter PPS(0) 0.082 0.183 0.255 0.529 1.072 1.383 4.649 0.817 1.200 0.260 0.576 µs 7.078 30.46

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter SHM(0)

peer jitter SHM(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter SHM(0) 0.783 3.000 4.062 7.510 13.949 17.197 77.967 9.887 14.197 3.059 8.062 ms 10.34 36.37

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Summary


Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Frequency Offset -37.154 -37.143 -37.126 -37.076 -37.018 -37.009 -37.002 0.108 0.134 0.033 -37.075 ppm -1.435e+09 1.619e+12
Local Clock Time Offset -6.355 -1.927 -1.354 0.039 1.251 1.752 2.960 2.605 3.679 0.784 0.007 µs -4.174 11.14
Local RMS Frequency Jitter 58.000 79.000 93.000 154.000 343.000 464.000 1,273.000 250.000 385.000 87.042 178.701 10e-12 6.771 33.17
Local RMS Time Jitter 217.000 313.000 358.000 497.000 698.000 822.000 2,586.000 340.000 509.000 117.647 510.017 ns 49.98 261.3
Server Jitter 10.4.2.52 1.115 3.776 5.564 14.004 82.117 92.111 121.471 76.553 88.335 25.151 24.096 µs 1.561 3.996
Server Jitter 10.4.2.53 1.377 2.531 3.571 8.506 19.276 25.410 53.689 15.705 22.879 5.425 9.748 µs 4.573 18.31
Server Jitter PPS(0) 0.082 0.183 0.255 0.529 1.072 1.383 4.649 0.817 1.200 0.260 0.576 µs 7.078 30.46
Server Jitter SHM(0) 0.783 3.000 4.062 7.510 13.949 17.197 77.967 9.887 14.197 3.059 8.062 ms 10.34 36.37
Server Offset 10.4.2.52 -53.221 -28.819 -19.032 56.035 64.681 69.316 123.133 83.713 98.135 27.933 44.841 µs 0.3605 2.493
Server Offset 10.4.2.53 -25.155 -14.391 -10.993 -4.314 1.824 5.752 50.578 12.817 20.143 4.197 -4.382 µs -13.64 50.35
Server Offset PPS(0) -6.356 -1.928 -1.354 0.040 1.252 1.753 2.961 2.606 3.681 0.784 0.007 µs -4.173 11.13
Server Offset SHM(0) 62.236 134.817 139.932 153.630 165.466 169.105 176.716 25.534 34.288 7.698 153.273 ms 6820 1.3e+05
TDOP 0.470 0.530 0.590 0.780 1.350 1.850 3.550 0.760 1.320 0.246 0.849 24.77 116.1
Temp ZONE0 48.692 48.692 49.230 50.306 50.844 51.382 51.920 1.614 2.690 0.618 50.280 °C
nSats 0.000 7.000 8.000 10.000 11.000 12.000 12.000 3.000 5.000 1.179 9.590 nSat 384.6 2896
Summary as CSV file

Glossary:

frequency offset:
The difference between the ntpd calculated frequency and the local system clock frequency (usually in parts per million, ppm)
jitter, dispersion:
The short term change in a value. NTP measures Local Time Jitter, Refclock Jitter, and Server Jitter in seconds. Local Frequency Jitter is in ppm or ppb.
kurtosis, Kurt:
The kurtosis of a random variable X is the fourth standardized moment and is a dimension-less ratio. ntpviz uses the Pearson's moment coefficient of kurtosis. A normal distribution has a kurtosis of three. NIST describes a kurtosis over three as "heavy tailed" and one under three as "light tailed".
ms, millisecond:
One thousandth of a second = 0.001 seconds, 1e-3 seconds
mu, mean:
The arithmetic mean: the sum of all the values divided by the number of values. The formula for mu is: "mu = (∑xi) / N". Where xi denotes the data points and N is the number of data points.
ns, nanosecond:
One billionth of a second, also one thousandth of a microsecond, 0.000000001 seconds and 1e-9 seconds.
percentile:
The value below which a given percentage of values fall.
ppb, parts per billion:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ppb, one in one billion, 1/1,000,000,000, 0.000,000,001, 1e-9 and 0.000,000,1%
ppm, parts per million:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ppm, one in one million, 1/1,000,000, 0.000,001, and 0.000,1%
‰, parts per thousand:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ‰. one in one thousand, 1/1,000, 0.001, and 0.1%
refclock:
Reference clock, a local GPS module or other local source of time.
remote clock:
Any clock reached over the network, LAN or WAN. Also called a peer or server.
time offset:
The difference between the ntpd calculated time and the local system clock's time. Also called phase offset.
σ, sigma:
Sigma denotes the standard deviation (SD) and is centered on the arithmetic mean of the data set. The SD is simply the square root of the variance of the data set. Two sigma is simply twice the standard deviation. Three sigma is three times sigma. Smaller is better.
The formula for sigma is: "σ = √[ ∑(xi-mu)^2 / N ]". Where xi denotes the data points and N is the number of data points.
skewness, Skew:
The skewness of a random variable X is the third standardized moment and is a dimension-less ratio. ntpviz uses the Pearson's moment coefficient of skewness. Wikipedia describes it best: "The qualitative interpretation of the skew is complicated and unintuitive."
A normal distribution has a skewness of zero.
upstream clock:
Any server or reference clock used as a source of time.
µs, us, microsecond:
One millionth of a second, also one thousandth of a millisecond, 0.000,001 seconds, and 1e-6 seconds.



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