NTPsec

tick

Report generated: Mon Jan 30 18:15:06 2023 UTC
Start Time: Sun Jan 29 18:15:06 2023 UTC
End Time: Mon Jan 30 18:15:06 2023 UTC
Report Period: 1.0 days

Local Clock Time/Frequency Offsets

local offset plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Time Offset -2.935 -1.965 -1.319 0.052 1.173 1.538 2.354 2.492 3.503 0.765 -0.001 µs -4.343 11.34
Local Clock Frequency Offset -36.925 -36.925 -36.916 -36.894 -36.846 -36.844 -36.842 0.070 0.081 0.022 -36.887 ppm -4.939e+09 8.41e+12

The time and frequency offsets between the ntpd calculated time and the local system clock. Showing frequency offset (red, in parts per million, scale on right) and the time offset (blue, in μs, scale on left). Quick changes in time offset will lead to larger frequency offsets.

These are fields 3 (time) and 4 (frequency) from the loopstats log file.



Local RMS Time Jitter

local jitter plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local RMS Time Jitter 251.000 313.000 354.000 482.000 662.000 785.000 1,147.000 308.000 472.000 97.458 492.642 ns 79.72 388.3

The RMS Jitter of the local clock offset. In other words, how fast the local clock offset is changing.

Lower is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0μs.

RMS jitter is field 5 in the loopstats log file.



Local RMS Frequency Jitter

local stability plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local RMS Frequency Jitter 68.000 90.000 102.000 160.000 304.000 396.000 506.000 202.000 306.000 63.415 175.993 10e-12 12.36 44.6

The RMS Frequency Jitter (aka wander) of the local clock's frequency. In other words, how fast the local clock changes frequency.

Lower is better. An ideal clock would be a horizontal line at 0ppm.

RMS Frequency Jitter is field 6 in the loopstats log file.



Local Clock Time Offset Histogram

local offset histogram plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Offset -2.935 -1.965 -1.319 0.052 1.173 1.538 2.354 2.492 3.503 0.765 -0.001 µs -4.343 11.34

The clock offsets of the local clock as a histogram.

The Local Clock Offset is field 3 from the loopstats log file.



Local Temperatures

local temps plot

Local temperatures. These will be site-specific depending upon what temperature sensors you collect data from. Temperature changes affect the local clock crystal frequency and stability. The math of how temperature changes frequency is complex, and also depends on crystal aging. So there is no easy way to correct for it in software. This is the single most important component of frequency drift.

The Local Temperatures are from field 3 from the tempstats log file.



Local Frequency/Temp

local freq temps plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Frequency Offset -36.925 -36.925 -36.916 -36.894 -36.846 -36.844 -36.842 0.070 0.081 0.022 -36.887 ppm -4.939e+09 8.41e+12
Temp ZONE0 48.692 48.692 48.692 49.768 50.306 50.844 50.844 1.614 2.152 0.539 49.493 °C

The frequency offsets and temperatures. Showing frequency offset (red, in parts per million, scale on right) and the temperatures.

These are field 4 (frequency) from the loopstats log file, and field 3 from the tempstats log file.



Local GPS

local gps plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
nSats 2.000 7.000 7.000 9.000 11.000 12.000 12.000 4.000 5.000 1.300 8.832 nSat 212 1335
TDOP 0.480 0.500 0.590 0.810 1.440 1.670 4.740 0.850 1.170 0.270 0.881 21.87 124.5

Local GPS. The Time Dilution of Precision (TDOP) is plotted in blue. The number of visible satellites (nSat) is plotted in red.

TDOP is field 3, and nSats is field 4, from the gpsd log file. The gpsd log file is created by the ntploggps program.

TDOP is a dimensionless error factor. TDOP ranges from 1 to greater than 20. 1 denotes the highest possible confidence level. 2 to 5 is good. Greater than 20 means there will be significant inaccuracy and error.



Server Offsets

peer offsets plot

The offset of all refclocks and servers. This can be useful to see if offset changes are happening in a single clock or all clocks together.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset 10.4.2.52

peer offset 10.4.2.52 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset 10.4.2.52 -54.213 -47.040 -36.485 -11.825 24.324 40.655 61.256 60.809 87.695 18.971 -8.983 µs -7.13 17.92

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset 10.4.2.53

peer offset 10.4.2.53 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset 10.4.2.53 -59.439 -53.251 -49.843 -33.041 3.434 13.612 34.904 53.277 66.863 18.170 -28.292 µs -23.82 78.4

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset PPS(0)

peer offset PPS(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset PPS(0) -2.936 -1.966 -1.320 0.053 1.174 1.539 2.355 2.494 3.505 0.765 -0.001 µs -4.343 11.33

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Offset SHM(0)

peer offset SHM(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Offset SHM(0) 131.375 136.399 141.795 155.768 167.902 171.162 176.690 26.108 34.763 7.895 155.465 ms 6587 1.242e+05

The offset of a server in seconds. This is useful to see how the measured offset is behaving.

The chart also plots offset±rtt, where rtt is the round trip time to the server. NTP can not really know the offset of a remote chimer, NTP computes it by subtracting rtt/2 from the offset. Plotting the offset±rtt reverses this calculation to more easily see the effects of rtt changes.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s. Typical 90% ranges may be: local LAN server 80µs; 90% ranges for WAN server may be 4ms and much larger.

Clock Offset is field 5 in the peerstats log file. The Round Trip Time (rtt) is field 6 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitters

peer jitters plot

The RMS Jitter of all refclocks and servers. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter 10.4.2.52

peer jitter 10.4.2.52 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter 10.4.2.52 0.003 0.007 0.010 0.026 0.058 0.079 252.942 0.048 0.072 11.700 0.614 ms 16.31 333

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter 10.4.2.53

peer jitter 10.4.2.53 plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter 10.4.2.53 2.693 3.532 6.472 18.328 45.216 57.995 70.550 38.744 54.463 12.245 20.948 µs 3.588 10.55

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter PPS(0)

peer jitter PPS(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter PPS(0) 0.132 0.203 0.282 0.609 1.215 1.482 2.421 0.933 1.279 0.290 0.659 µs 6.731 20.35

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Server Jitter SHM(0)

peer jitter SHM(0) plot

Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Server Jitter SHM(0) 1.143 2.890 3.868 7.217 13.519 16.660 24.913 9.651 13.771 2.970 7.760 ms 9.994 32.66

The RMS Jitter of a server. Jitter is the current estimated dispersion, in other words the variation in offset between samples.

Closer to 0s is better. An ideal system would be a horizontal line at 0s.

RMS Jitter is field 8 in the peerstats log file.



Summary


Percentiles...... Ranges...... Skew- Kurt-
Name Min1%5%50%95% 99%Max   90%98%StdDev  MeanUnits nessosis
Local Clock Frequency Offset -36.925 -36.925 -36.916 -36.894 -36.846 -36.844 -36.842 0.070 0.081 0.022 -36.887 ppm -4.939e+09 8.41e+12
Local Clock Time Offset -2.935 -1.965 -1.319 0.052 1.173 1.538 2.354 2.492 3.503 0.765 -0.001 µs -4.343 11.34
Local RMS Frequency Jitter 68.000 90.000 102.000 160.000 304.000 396.000 506.000 202.000 306.000 63.415 175.993 10e-12 12.36 44.6
Local RMS Time Jitter 251.000 313.000 354.000 482.000 662.000 785.000 1,147.000 308.000 472.000 97.458 492.642 ns 79.72 388.3
Server Jitter 10.4.2.52 0.003 0.007 0.010 0.026 0.058 0.079 252.942 0.048 0.072 11.700 0.614 ms 16.31 333
Server Jitter 10.4.2.53 2.693 3.532 6.472 18.328 45.216 57.995 70.550 38.744 54.463 12.245 20.948 µs 3.588 10.55
Server Jitter PPS(0) 0.132 0.203 0.282 0.609 1.215 1.482 2.421 0.933 1.279 0.290 0.659 µs 6.731 20.35
Server Jitter SHM(0) 1.143 2.890 3.868 7.217 13.519 16.660 24.913 9.651 13.771 2.970 7.760 ms 9.994 32.66
Server Offset 10.4.2.52 -54.213 -47.040 -36.485 -11.825 24.324 40.655 61.256 60.809 87.695 18.971 -8.983 µs -7.13 17.92
Server Offset 10.4.2.53 -59.439 -53.251 -49.843 -33.041 3.434 13.612 34.904 53.277 66.863 18.170 -28.292 µs -23.82 78.4
Server Offset PPS(0) -2.936 -1.966 -1.320 0.053 1.174 1.539 2.355 2.494 3.505 0.765 -0.001 µs -4.343 11.33
Server Offset SHM(0) 131.375 136.399 141.795 155.768 167.902 171.162 176.690 26.108 34.763 7.895 155.465 ms 6587 1.242e+05
TDOP 0.480 0.500 0.590 0.810 1.440 1.670 4.740 0.850 1.170 0.270 0.881 21.87 124.5
Temp ZONE0 48.692 48.692 48.692 49.768 50.306 50.844 50.844 1.614 2.152 0.539 49.493 °C
nSats 2.000 7.000 7.000 9.000 11.000 12.000 12.000 4.000 5.000 1.300 8.832 nSat 212 1335
Summary as CSV file

Glossary:

frequency offset:
The difference between the ntpd calculated frequency and the local system clock frequency (usually in parts per million, ppm)
jitter, dispersion:
The short term change in a value. NTP measures Local Time Jitter, Refclock Jitter, and Server Jitter in seconds. Local Frequency Jitter is in ppm or ppb.
kurtosis, Kurt:
The kurtosis of a random variable X is the fourth standardized moment and is a dimension-less ratio. ntpviz uses the Pearson's moment coefficient of kurtosis. A normal distribution has a kurtosis of three. NIST describes a kurtosis over three as "heavy tailed" and one under three as "light tailed".
ms, millisecond:
One thousandth of a second = 0.001 seconds, 1e-3 seconds
mu, mean:
The arithmetic mean: the sum of all the values divided by the number of values. The formula for mu is: "mu = (∑xi) / N". Where xi denotes the data points and N is the number of data points.
ns, nanosecond:
One billionth of a second, also one thousandth of a microsecond, 0.000000001 seconds and 1e-9 seconds.
percentile:
The value below which a given percentage of values fall.
ppb, parts per billion:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ppb, one in one billion, 1/1,000,000,000, 0.000,000,001, 1e-9 and 0.000,000,1%
ppm, parts per million:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ppm, one in one million, 1/1,000,000, 0.000,001, and 0.000,1%
‰, parts per thousand:
Ratio between two values. These following are all the same: 1 ‰. one in one thousand, 1/1,000, 0.001, and 0.1%
refclock:
Reference clock, a local GPS module or other local source of time.
remote clock:
Any clock reached over the network, LAN or WAN. Also called a peer or server.
time offset:
The difference between the ntpd calculated time and the local system clock's time. Also called phase offset.
σ, sigma:
Sigma denotes the standard deviation (SD) and is centered on the arithmetic mean of the data set. The SD is simply the square root of the variance of the data set. Two sigma is simply twice the standard deviation. Three sigma is three times sigma. Smaller is better.
The formula for sigma is: "σ = √[ ∑(xi-mu)^2 / N ]". Where xi denotes the data points and N is the number of data points.
skewness, Skew:
The skewness of a random variable X is the third standardized moment and is a dimension-less ratio. ntpviz uses the Pearson's moment coefficient of skewness. Wikipedia describes it best: "The qualitative interpretation of the skew is complicated and unintuitive."
A normal distribution has a skewness of zero.
upstream clock:
Any server or reference clock used as a source of time.
µs, us, microsecond:
One millionth of a second, also one thousandth of a millisecond, 0.000,001 seconds, and 1e-6 seconds.



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